Jump to content
SASS Wire Forum

Archived

This topic is now archived and is closed to further replies.

Rancho Roy

Attention Gunsmiths

Recommended Posts

A lawyer friend of mine sent this to me:

 

More bad news I am sorry to be passing on. David

 

https://www.nraila.org/articles/2016...ve-gun-control

 

On Friday, July 22, just as members of his party were gathering in Philadelphia to coronate Hillary Clinton as their presidential nominee, the Obama Administration once again released a sweeping gun control measure by executive fiat. This time the bad news came via the U.S. State Department’s Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC), which is primarily responsible for administering the Arms Export Control Act (AECA) and its implementing rules, the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR). The upshot is that DDTC is labeling commercial gunsmiths as “manufacturers” for performing relatively simple work such as threading a barrel or fabricating a small custom part for an older firearm. Under the AECA, “manufacturers” are required to register with DDTC at significant expense or risk onerous criminal penalties.

As with prior executive actions on guns, the administration released its dictate suddenly and without advance warning to or prior input from affected businesses, completely bypassing the normal formalities associated with a significant rule making. The guidance is also likely to result in more confusion than clarity and may significantly chill heretofore legal conduct associated with gunsmithing.

By way of background, the AECA and ITAR concern rules by which military materiel is exported from, and imported to, the United States. The so-called “defense articles” governed by the AECA/ITAR are compiled in what is known as the U.S. Munitions List and include some, but not all, firearms and ammunition, as well as their parts and components. Thus, for purposes of the regime, a spring or floorplate from the magazine of a controlled firearm is subject to the same regulatory framework as the firearm itself.

The AECA/ITAR require anybody who engages in the business of “manufacturing” a defense article to register with DDTC and pay a registration fee that for new applicants is currently $2,250 per year. These requirements apply, even if the business does not, and does not intend to, export any defense article. Moreover, under ITAR, “only one occasion of manufacturing … a defense article” is necessary for a commercial entity to be considered “engaged in the business” and therefore subject to the regime’s requirements.

Adding to the confusion, the Gun Control Act of 1968 and its amendments (GCA) also regulate firearm manufacturing, importing, and exporting. Both of the laws also use the same or similar terms but apply them in different ways. Thus, what triggers the legal requirement for an entity to be registered as a “manufacturer” under the AECA/ITAR may or may not also bring that entity within the scope of the GCA, and vice versa.

DDTC’s new “guidance” only makes this situation worse by coming up with a confusing and counterintuitive list of activities that it considers “gunsmithing” versus “manufacturing” (despite the fact that it insists it relies on the “ordinary, contemporary, common meaning” of those terms).

For example, DDTC generally labels procedures that involve cutting, drilling, or machining of an existing firearm in order to improve its accuracy or operation or to change its caliber as “manufacturing,” even if they do not create a new and distinct firearm. This includes threading a muzzle for a muzzle brake or blueprinting that requires machining of a barrel.

On the other hand, DDTC contends that gunsmithing includes only very simple procedures, such as the one-for-one drop-in replacement of parts that do not require cutting, drilling, or machining for installation. But even then, if the parts “improve the accuracy, caliber, or other aspects of firearm operation,” “manufacturing” may occur. Finishing treatments for firearms generally are not considered manufacturing under the guidance, nor are cosmetic flourishes such as engraving. Meanwhile the mounting of a scope that involves the machining of new dovetails or the drilling and tapping of holes may or not be “manufacturing,” depending on whether the scope improves the accuracy of the firearm beyond its prior configuration.

For those who are confused by the guidance, DDTC offers the option of requesting an advisory opinion through the agency. The regulation providing for such opinions, however, states they “are not binding on the Department of State, and may not be used in future matters before the Department.” Moreover, the request involves typical bureaucratic hoops to negotiate, including providing both an original and seven copies of the request and supporting information in hardcopy form.

DDTC’s move appears aimed at expanding the regulatory sweep of the AECA/ITAR and culling many smaller commercial gunsmithing operations that do not have the means to pay the annual registration fee or the sophistication to negotiate DDTC’s confusing maze of bureaucracy. Like ATF’s early “guidance” this year on the GCA’s licensing requirement for firearm “dealers,” it is also likely to have a significant chilling effect on activity that would not even be considered regulated.

The administration’s latest move serves as a timely reminder of how the politicized and arrogant abuse of executive power can be used to suppress Second Amendment rights and curtail lawful firearm-related commerce. That lesson should not be forgotten when voters go to the polls this November.

Share this post


Link to post

Glad you posted this but not so glad to hear about it. I found the gov't document online and it is as you say. Not that I didn't believe it but sometimes these things get exaggerated.

 

It is very troublesome, not only for our friendly neighborhood gunsmith but I can also see where some things a gun owner might do at his kitchen table might qualify as manufacturing under this scrutiny.

 

I am curious about their definitions and why they keep saying "cutting, drilling, and machining". I am pretty sure that cutting and drilling are already included in the category of "machining". Maybe they just wrote it that way because they liked how it sounded.

 

I don't buy that adding a scope could ever improve the accuracy of a firearm, it can only improve the accuracy of the shooter.

Share this post


Link to post

How does this affect finishing of an 80% ?

Share this post


Link to post

This is an executive order. It is not Law.

Share this post


Link to post

OK, time to sign the WhiteHouse-hosted petition to overturn this order.

 

https://petitions.whitehouse.gov/petition/remove-gunsmithing-itar

 

Good luck, GJ

Share this post


Link to post

How does this affect finishing of an 80% frame ?

 

Would require the manufacturing licensing. Or be a federal violation.

Share this post


Link to post

If you assume that the writer of this document sought to encompass as many people as possible and require them to submit to more layers of government tomfoolery, then you would be correct. The ITAR has NOTHING to do with domestic consumers. They are attempting to encompass all these new people by re-defining what "gunsmithing" is and wrapping that up as 'manufacturing' as it applies under the ITAR. The ITAR deals with exports of certain items and technologies and one glaring error is a lever action 1873 DOESN'T fall into that area. Be that as it may, this is a matter for the courts to decide. Even more reason to get out the word and the vote this November.

 

One would think that a hobbist that does these things on his own guns for his own use and not for export (which is the main concern of the ITAR) wouldn't fall under that but this EO was rather vague, wasn't it? If you know lawyers, they meaning 'they' can make it say whatever they want it to say. The definitions in this are at odds with existing law and BATFE's own definition of gunsmithing. Keep in mind this is not law.

Share this post


Link to post

OK, time to sign the WhiteHouse-hosted petition to overturn this order.

 

https://petitions.whitehouse.gov/petition/remove-gunsmithing-itar

 

Good luck, GJ

Just signed it now!!! Hurry up folks we've only got a few weeks to get enough signatures. There's only 8,430 we need 91,570 by Sept 5!!!

Share this post


Link to post

Sign it, then forward the link to everyone you know! :mellow:

Share this post


Link to post
×
×
  • Create New...

Important Information

By using this site, you agree to our Terms of Use.