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El Chapo

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  1. So which is it. Are they substitutes or are they just not big enough for you to acknowledge? I think we know the answer, but you just don't want to admit that you are wrong. I also don't know where you got the idea that biodiesel is not usable in cold climates. I'm sure they cut it with thinner diesel fuels just like petro diesel. Biodiesel is awesome. I buy it every chance I get. Not because I care about how it's produced but because it lubricates the fuel system and my truck runs better with some biodiesel in it. Biodiesel has the same consistency as petro diesel and if I put them next to each other and gave you all the time in the world to examine them with your senses, I guarantee you couldn't tell the difference between them. I don't know where you got the idea that biodiesel had the properties you say it has. You are just flat out factually wrong about what you think biodiesel is versus what it actually is. Ethanol requires subsidies to survive today because of present market conditions. Prices are what determine its viability tomorrow. Prices are the market's way of telling us what resources should go to what. Even if you were right today, you have no reason to believe that'll be true tomorrow. And it is a fact that every single vehicle that currently runs on gasoline could also be made to run on ethanol or propane. Therefore, by definition, they are substitutes and compete with each other, even if they are not perfect substitutes. Again, another instance where you simply don't want to admit that you're wrong. No economist is saying that substitutes have to take over the entire market to have an influence. Other than that, you're just beating the table. Substitutes do not need to replace oil to influence the market price of oil. The commercial viability of substitutes changes as prices flucuate. Like I said, it's a 3D chess game with a lot of available moves. You give the President way too much credit. He can talk about electric cars all he wants, the fact is that there is no way to store enough energy in batteries for them to be viable for what most Americans use their cars for. Electric cars are substitutes for gasoline cars, just poor substitutes. Again, they influence the demand for oil by giving us one more option (admittedly one that I probably won't be exercising anytime soon, and it's clear you won't, but it's still there for you if you want).
  2. I don't know where you got the idea that I ever said that the President couldn't "influence" the price of oil. The President's broad powers under the commander in chief clause alone could cause drastic changes in oil prices. But that doesn't support your claim that the "Biden criminal cartel hopes to cripple the American petroleum industry for its own self serving interests." The point is that you give the President way too much credit. The amount of oil bought and sold on a daily basis is such that no single person, not even the President of the United States, has the kind of control over the world oil market you're suggesting, unless that person initiates a worldwide war or something. The oil market is just too big and too competitive for that to be the case. Even the oil reserves we keep can only influence the world oil price so much and for so long. It's not a perfectly competitive market, but it is a very large market, and so any deliberate manipulation eventually is just a drop in the ocean. It is a myth that the US was somehow "independent" of the international oil market. Even if we didn't import vast amounts of oil, there are billions of people buying and selling oil on a daily basis in our world. We would still be subject to market forces even if we didn't import anything. That said, there's an additional problem with that point of view that most people don't realize--we import oil because much of our oil is actually better than our refineries need, and it's more economical for us to import cheap crude and sell our high quality crude on the world market. This is a good thing in that we get to extract profit by buying cheaper oil and selling the more expensive product. But it also undermines your position that we are or even would want to become independent of the world market for oil. We'd be leaving $$$ on the table to do that (which is pretty much true for all areas of international trade anyway). It is also absolutely wrong that there are no substitutes that compete with oil. Even putting aside the electric car debate (much of which comes from burning something to create electricity anyway, among other serious technological disadvantages that will not soon be solved), natural gas, ethanol, biodiesel, and propane alone are obvious examples that compete with gasoline and diesel. Things need not be "perfect" substitutes to have significant effects on the market price for fuels. Biodiesel is superior to petro diesel in a lot of ways. I would love to have vast stockpiles of it at $2 a gallon. There's also a market dynamics thing you must not be considering here. If diesel was $1 a gallon, I'm not sure that anyone would seriously consider making biodiesel (other than for the lubricity benefits it provides). But at $6 a gallon, there is a ton of incentive to produce biodiesel, and you can bet that entrepreneurs will be doing it. The viability of substitutes fluctuates with market prices. We should all want there to be more of these things--everything that competes with oil makes it harder for oil producing nations to manipulate markets with their stunts. In your world, energy policy might be "simple." But back in reality, international energy policy is a giant three dimensional chess game with so many players that any of us could never be more than one or two moves ahead. If I really knew what all of them were going to do tomorrow or next week, I could use that information to become the richest man on earth inside of the next 30 days. It's far from that simple. It is incredibly sophisticated and difficult. It's far more difficult than just spouting off at the mouth about how the President did this or that. Every time one piece moves, others respond and make their moves, too. And it is never guaranteed that other players will move in the way that might seem like the easy or obvious move, either. It's a challenge with no solution, only arguments. I also think it's a huge mistake to give any President the kind of credit you seem to think he deserves--for good or bad.
  3. The availability of substitutes is a major factor in determining what is called the "price elasticity of demand." Especially in the very short run, it is hard to adjust one's life to high gas prices. But in the medium and long term, we all have at least some choices to reduce what we spend, and why wouldn't we do it? I love road trip vacations with my camper, but this year, we rented an Airbnb and took a smaller car for one of ours to avoid the high diesel costs. Take that, oil companies! This would be a great time for you to learn about Occam's Razor, the idea that a simpler explanation is more likely to be correct in circumstances such as these. Oil is a worldwide market, bought and sold by billions of human beings. The "price" represents an interaction between literally billions of transactions that occur 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year, buying and selling a product that most of the world uses. Your proposal, that one person and his cronies are engaged in a successful worldwide conspiracy to manipulate oil prices for personal gain, requires a great number of people, at their own detriment, to go along with this idea so that an American president can benefit. A simpler answer is that the people of the world, many of which don't even know Biden's name, have shown through their consumption that the market value of oil is where it is today because of their preferences and the ability of oil to be supplied by companies to the market through their business operations, in other words, that the "price" reflects an interaction of buyers and sellers in a very competitive, but not perfectly competitive, market. I would suggest that if what you think requires there to be some vast conspiracy, where a bunch of people do things against their best interest in order to support a President that they don't even know or stand to benefit from his decisions, that what you think is not likely to be correct. I would also suggest that if you personally know any of those people, who are hoarding oil or selling it below market value, that you buy it! Because if someone is willing to sell you something for less than it's worth, that is a great opportunity for you to engage in some entrepreneurship! The reality, which I've been implying through both of my posts in this thread, is that the President has very little influence over oil prices, and in an ideal world, he would have none. We should all seek to create a world where the President has as much control over the price of a critical commodity like oil as he does over whether it rains or snows. Markets may not be perfect, but they are the greatest tool for cooperation in the history of mankind. We should be doing everything we can to support markets and not politicians when it comes to critically important things like who gets the oil mined from the ground that we all desire.
  4. Where did you get the idea that the president was any kind of "steward" of the economy?
  5. My understanding is that radler is shandy, only with lager yeast. I usually make a very simple 10 ibu wheat lager to mix with lemonade. My version has homemade beer + store bought lemonade; the thought never really crossed my mind to make the lemonade.
  6. My response to you is pretty simple: there is more to beer than light lager. That's not to say there aren't excellent lagers out there. But if all you drink is light colored lager, I'm not surprised that you would enjoy Europe, because breweries that specialize in craft lagers are pretty rare here in the United States. I don't have enough experience to point you to one, but they do exist. Mexican beer, as you have correctly figured out, is the same styles that you commonly see in mainland Europe. With us being the "new world," brewers from over there brought their skills and their yeast over here for the last 500 years. I still think it sounds like you missed the last 40 years of the American craft beer revolution, though. I can't tell you exactly which brewery makes the very best German Pilsner, but I would be willing to bet that it isn't in Germany--it's in the United States somewhere. The last 40 years have been really good to our brewing industry and we have cultivated a ton of talent.
  7. No, I just can't read. Basically everything from harbor freight that has moving parts is trash. I like their grinders because they're so cheap that I didn't mind replacing the one that I burned up. Strangely, I had thought their ultrasonic cleaner was actually the same as what was sold elsewhere as something else, but I don't remember where I read that. I'm glad I bought this ultrasonic cleaner because before I did, didn't even know I needed a tool like this . But yeah, the whole boiling its entire contents dry because I left it plugged in is scary.
  8. I find that hard to believe. American beers win virtually every world beer event imaginable, and have tremendous diversity compared to continental European beers. I think I'd rather drink flat and warm British beer than most continental European bears, not to say that there aren't good examples anywhere, but if you've missed out on the last 40+ years of American craft beer revolution, boy have I got some news for you! We have long had the best beer on earth in almost any style.
  9. I have 37" Ridge Grapplers on my K5. They are actually really great, quiet even with chunks missing. Definitely not mud tires though. When they die I am probably going to go to a more conventional all terrain as well, but they've been good.
  10. have to disagree there, my toolbox weighs over 700 pounds and it is great.
  11. No matter what tire you choose, it needs to have the same or a higher load rating than the tires that came on the truck. That probably means an E rating for a 2500 series truck. Usually, the tires available that come in the size that truck will take will all be available in an appropriate load rating. For example, my (3500) truck came with a 265/70R17 tire from the factory. Virtually every truck tire in that size is E rated. BFG will sometimes offer a C or D rated tire and an E rated tire in the same size for that reason, so if you don't need the E rated, you can go with the lower load rating. Most likely, a tire store will not even install lower rated tires on the truck than the GVWR calls for, but that is definitely something you should pay attention to.
  12. Yes. But be careful. The heater in mine decided to stick on last week and it evaporated all the water and started melting the little plastic basket it comes with. Make sure you unplug it when not in use!!
  13. Goodyear doesn't make a mud tire anymore. The closest they have is the MT/R, which stands for "maximum traction/reinforced." It really isn't much of a mud tire and its competitors are far better in mud. I would probably seriously consider the Cooper if I had to have a (radial) mud tire. I would not consider the Nitto Mud Grappler, that tread design is clearly for looks and once it wears crooked, it's going to ride like crap. The Nitto Trail Grappler, I would consider. I had a bad experience with a Nitto tire once. They claimed that it was from the heat of my exhaust pipe near the tire. Eventually they did warranty all of the tires out and I have Goodyears now on that truck and while I would consider Nitto again, I was furious when it happened. For me, it'd be Cooper, BFG, Nitto, and maybe the Toyo if I had to have a radial M/T. If mud use is a regular thing and road manners are not important, I would probably buy a set of Super Swampers (TSL). I would not expect them to ride comfortably or last long, though.
  14. That's what I thought when I read the first post here. I haven't seen the "offending" commercial, but commercials are supposed to be entertaining--that's why they're made.
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