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Subdeacon Joe

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Posts posted by Subdeacon Joe

  1. How do you define  pizza?  A Flatbread with stuff on top?  If that's it, then pizza goes back a couple of thousand years.


    In Naples,  which is where the food variety we know as pizza here in the US originated, street vendors were selling Flatbread topped with oil, salt, garlic,  herbs, and maybe a little fish in the 1600s.


    It didn't seem to have changed much by the 1800s, "In 1831, Samuel Morse – inventor of the telegraph – described pizza as a ‘species of the most nauseating cake … covered over with slices of pomodoro or tomatoes, and sprinkled with little fish and black pepper and I know not what other ingredients, it altogether looks like a piece of bread that has been taken reeking out of the sewer’."


    1st pizzeria in the US opened in 1906.  The pizza was bread, sauce, and cheese. 


    It wasn't until after WWII that pizza really gained widespread popularity in the US and gradually became the kitchen sink and fusion cuisine we see now.


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  2. 58 minutes ago, Cyrus Cassidy #45437 said:


    Nope, I can't because I don't know more detail than that.  I do know it was manual in those days.  These days, they replace the dies every year.  


    Thanks for the answer.  I did find: https://www.pcgs.com/news/1938-d-d-over-s-buffalo-nickel-varieties



    The 1938-D D Over S variety is one that, on the surface, may prove mystifying. After all, no Buffalo Nickels were minted at the San Francisco Mint in 1938, so how could the 1938-D D Over S overmintmark variety have occurred? Surely, it must have been intentional, right? And intentional it was. The U.S. Mint had originally appropriated Buffalo Nickel dies for San Francisco, but this decision was later recalled. However, with preparations already underway to begin production of the Jefferson Nickel that debuted later in 1938, the powers that be at the United States Mint deemed it more economical to salvage the Buffalo Nickel dies intended for San Francisco. They did so by repunching a “D” mintmark into the “S”-mint reverse dies and then shipped them to Denver for use on the production line.


    Sounds like they took a brute force approach and pressed it into a master to try to reshape the S to a D.

  3. On this day in 1775, a Philadelphia tavern owner is commissioned as commanding officer of the newly formed Marines.  Samuel Nicholas received his commission only 18 days after the Continental Congress passed a resolution requiring that “two Battalions of Marines be raised” to support the recently organized Continental Navy. 

    The day of that original resolution -- November 10 -- is celebrated as the birthday of the United States Marine Corps. :)

    Nicholas was another “Fighting Quaker”! He was the son of a blacksmith, but he’d worked his way up in society a bit. By the time the war started, he was a tavern owner and founder of the Gloucester Fox Hunting Club. He also belonged to an exclusive club called the Schuylkill Fishing Company. Because of his background, he had friends and connections in many classes of Philadelphia society. It was thought that he’d be the perfect person to recruit the tough guys who would be needed as Marines.

    He could definitely recruit. He raised five companies of men in a relatively short period of time. In fact, it proved harder to get supplies than men. Nevertheless, he and his Marines were soon deployed on their first mission in the Bahamas. The operation was successful, and Nicholas hoped to be sent on more missions with his men. He didn’t get his wish. Instead, he got a promotion that basically ensured that he’d be stuck performing administrative tasks.

    Nicholas spent the summer and fall of 1776 recruiting more Marines. In December, he got his wish for more action, at least for a little bit. He and three Marine companies joined George Washington, then retreating from the British army. (Americans had just been driven from New York.) Washington, it seems, wasn’t quite sure what to do with the Marines. He asked whether “they came out resolved to act upon Land or meant to confine their Services to the Water only.” 

    In the end, the Marines were asked to row Continental soldiers across the Delaware River before the Battle of Trenton. They did not engage in that attack, but they were involved in the actual fighting at the Battle of Princeton one week later. The Marines with Nicholas were involved in a few more skirmishes during the following months, but Nicholas later returned to Philadelphia to resume his administrative duties. He was trusted and respected, but he was also apparently frustrated by his role. According to one early 20th century historian, Nicholas wrote of his “mortification” to discover that because of his promotion, he had become a “useless officer, at least in sense of danger.”

    He wanted to be more involved in the actual fighting.

    Nicholas served for almost the entire Revolution before returning to civilian life. He passed away in August 1790 during a yellow fever epidemic. He may have been frustrated with the lack of “danger” in his work, but he at least lived long enough to see America finally gain the freedom for which he had worked so diligently.

    P.S. The picture is an ink drawing showing Nicholas presenting his Marines at the hoisting of the Gadsden flag.

    If you enjoy these history posts, please see my note below. :)

    Gentle reminder: History posts are copyright © 2013-2020 by Tara Ross. I appreciate it when you use the shar e feature instead of cutting/pasting.

    #TDIH #OTD #History #USHistory #liberty #freedom #ShareTheHistory



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  4. 16 minutes ago, Smuteye John SASS#24774 said:

    I went to Alabama public schools.  I'm lucky that they taught me English much less a language that's been dead for 1,500 years.


    Don't kid yourself about Latin being a dead language.   At least four of the words you used have a Latin base. 

    Knowing the Latin and Greek roots of so much of our language can be useful and important. 

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  5. 12 hours ago, Cyrus Cassidy #45437 said:

    the Denver mint got some dies from the San Fransisco mint, polished out the "S" mint mark, and replaced it with the "D" for Denver. 


    I've been trying to wrap my brain around how that would be done.  Can you describe that process in more detail, please?

  6. On 11/25/2020 at 7:30 PM, Seamus McGillicuddy said:

    In contrast John McClane needs no redemption


    No, no.  His wife had come to California because he been neglecting or ignoring her in favor of his job. In the end he realized how much he needs her.  

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